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Cusco

Cusco was the site of the historic capital of the Inca Empire and was declared a World Heritage Site in 1983 by UNESCO. It is a major tourist destination and receives almost 2 million visitors a year. It is designated as the Historical Capital of Peru by the Constitution of Peru.

Weather

Cusco City has a semi-dry and cold climate.

How to get there

BY AIR

Regular flights to Cusco City from Lima (1 hour) and from Arequipa (30 minutes).

BY LAND

Lima-Arequipa-Cusco: 1,650 Km
(26 hours by car)
Lima-Nazca-Puquio-Abancay-Cusco: 1,131 Km
(20 hours by car)
Puno-Cusco: 389 Km
(7 hours by car)

BY TRAIN

Puno-Cusco: 384 Km
(10 hours)

Distances to Cusco

Cusco to: Cities Distance
Lima 724 miles (1165 Km) by Nazca
Arequipa 388 miles (625 Km)
Puno 241 miles (389 Km)
Puerto Maldonado 331.25 miles (530 Km)

Good To Know

Country
Peru
Visa Requirements
Visa in not needed for EU citizens. Everyone else need a visa.
Languages spoken
Spanish
Currency used
Peruvian Sol (PEN)
Area (km2)
70,015 km2

Festivals

January
Feast of Ollantaytambo / January 6th - Feast of San Sebastian / January 20th - Ch'iaraje / January 20th.
February
Carnival - El festival de la alegría - Peleas de Toqto / February 2nd
April
Lord of the Earthquakes / Half of March and early April
May
Cruz Velacuy (Fiesta de las Cruces) May 2nd - Qoyllur Rit'i
June
Corpus Christi(June - 9 Weeks alter Easter week) - ``Inti Raymi`` / June 24th
July
Fiesta de la Virgen del Carmen / July 15th -16th - Fest of Quillabamba / July 25th and 29th
August
``Pachamama Raymi`` - Día de la Madre Tierra / August 1st
September
Señor de Huanta / September 14th
December
Fair Tikaranticuy December 23th - Fair Santuranticuy December 24th

Attractions in the City

  • Cusco Plaza de Armas
  • Cusco Cathedral
  • Temple of La Compañía de Jesús (Society of Jesus)
  • San Blas neighbourhood
  • Temple of San Blas
  • Temple and Convent of La Merced
  • Temple and Convent of Santo Domingo and Koricancha
  • Temple and Convent of Santa Catalina
  • Temple and Convent of San Francisco
  • Archbishop’s Palace and The Stone of Twelve Angles
  • Palacio del Almirante (Admiral’s Palace)
  • Inca Garcilaso de la Vega’s House
  • Larco Museum of pre-Columbian Art

Attractions Beyond the City

  • Sacsayhuamán Archaeological Complex (Cuzco)
  • Qenko archaeological complex (Cusco)
  • Puka Pukara Archaeological Complex (Cuzco)
  • Tambomachay Archaeological Complex (Cuzco)
  • Inca Trail to Machu Picchu (Cusco)
  • Q’eswachaka Suspension Bridge (Canas)
  • Raqchi Archaeological Complex (Canchis)
  • Raqchi village (Canchis)
  • Pisac village (Calca)
  • Choquequirao Archaeological Complex (La Convención)
  • Paucartambo town (Paucartambo)
  • Tres Cruces (Three Crosses) (Paucartambo)
  • Pikillacta (Quispicanchis)
  • Tipón Archaeological Complex (Quispicanchis)
  • Lucre – Huacarpay wetlands (Quispicanchis)
  • Chinchero village (Urubamba)
  • Maras village (Urubamba)
  • Moray Archaeological Complex (Urubamba)
  • Yucay village (Urubamba)
  • Ollantaytambo Archaeological Complex (Urubamba)